The company started its process under the name of Haraz Wool from the year 1974 with the aim of producing carpet spun pile from sheepskin wool.
Although wool is widely used in terms of consumption, but there are some specefics that are important. Including elegance, length, elasticity, efficiency, flair, brightness and color.
The best type of wool is produced by Merino sheep, which has a delicacy of 24.9 to 23.5 microns and above. Moderate (25- 26.4 micron) and lower (25-36 microns) wool are usually produced by Merino blends with meat sheep or some English breeds. Carpet wool has a diameter between 43.33 and 23.73 microns, produced by indigenous non-modified sheep. Typically, woolen fibers which their diameters are the same, are considered the best types of wool. The wool of the different parts of the sheep body is different in terms of diameter and height of the fibers, and it is important to consider the selection of wool, especially for the production of carpets, so that the wool won't get mixed together.
The type of wool used as a knot of carpet should be made of pure and new wool and old wool and synthetic fibers or other non-woven fibers should be avoided.
● Quality grades of wool fiber in handmade carpet includes:
▪ Fibers with diameter less than 30 microns are first degree.
▪ Fibers with diameter between 35 and 30 microns are second degree.
▪ Fibers with diameter up to 40 microns are third degree.
The diameter of the wool fibers in the ridge of different numbers is as follows:
▪ The wool sheen diameter for thick carpets below 30 ridges, must be maximum 35 microns.
▪ The diameter of the wool fiber for medium carpets with 30 to 40 ridges must be up to a maximum of 33 microns.
▪ The diameter of the wool fiber for a microfiber carpet above 40 ridges must be up to a maximum of 31 microns.
Spinning of spun pile: In short, we can explain the various stages of wool spinning in factories: First, all the spun pile is impregnated with a special oil called the Systole oil. It eliminates the static electricity in the fiber and facilitates yarn spinning. Then the blazers are placed inside a special machine named Krempel. This machine produces fibers in the form of spider warps and prepares warp yarns.
Then the wicks of the yarn into the luminous device, wrapped on the cylindrical bushes, are rotated regularly. In this case, if necessary, before the yarn is completely threaded, it is measured by a special device, typically a spun pile metrics. If the metrics are correct, the spun pile will be fed to another device. At this stage, the twine threads are entered into the two-way dual-walled device and, in the form of a yarn ready for further twin ducts, are being prepared. Then the threads are transferred from the ready-made joints to the screw-bending machine. In this machine, the thread is openned from the ducts and turns into a coil. The coils are then prepared for sorting and pressing in the form of 4.5 to 5kg rods to be sent to dyeing workshops.